HIPAA Compliant Dental Office in Newark and San Jose California





HIPAA COMPLIANCE
Notice of Privacy Practices

This Notice describes how medical information about you may be used and disclosed
and how you can get access to this information. Please review it carefully.

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)

We care about our patients’privacy and strive to protect the confidentiality of your medical information at this practice.

New federal legislation requires that we issue this official notice of our privacy practices. You have the right to the confidentiality of your medical information, and this practice is required by law to maintain the privacy of that protected health information. This practice is required to abide by the terms of the Notice of Privacy Practices currently in effect, and to provide notice of its legal duties and privacy practices with respect to protected health information. lf you have any questions about this Notice, please cantact the Privacy Officer at this practice.

Who Will Follow This Notice
Any health care professional authorized to enter information into your medical record, all employees, staff and other personnel at this practice who may need access to your information must abide by this Notice.

All subsidiaries, business associates (e.g.a billing service), sites and locations of this practice may share medical information with each other for treatment, payment purposes or health care operations described in this Notice. Except where treatment is involved, only the minimum necessary information needed to accomplish the task will be shared.

How We May Use and Disclose Medical lnformation About You

HIPAA COMPLIANCE CALIFORNIA
HIPAA COMPLIANCE CALIFORNIA

The following categories describe different ways that we may use and disclose medical information without your specific consent or authorization.

Examples are provided for each category of uses or disclosures. Not every possible use or disclosure in a category is listed.

For Treatment.

We may use medical information about you to provide you with medical treatment or services.

Example: ln treating you for a specific condition, we may need to know if you have allergies that could influence which medications we prescribe for the treatment process.

For Payment.

We may use and disclose medical information about you so that the treatment and services you receive from us may be billed and payment may be collected from you, an insurance company or a third party.

Example:We may need to send your protected health information, such as your name, address, office visit date, and codes identifying your diagnosis and treatment to your insurance company for payment.

For Health Care Operations.

We may use and disclose medical information about you for health care operations to assure that you receive quality care. Example:We may use medical inlormation to review our treatment and services and evaluate the pedormance of our staff in caring for you.

Other Uses or Disclosures That Can Be Made Without Consent or Authorization

. As required during an investigation by law enforcement agencies
. To avert a serious threat to public health or safety
. As required by military command authorities for their medical records
. To workers’ compensation or similar programs for processing of claims
. ln response to a legal proceeding
. To a coroner or medical examiner for identification of a body
. lf an inmate, to the correctional institution or law enforcement official
. As required by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
. Other healthcare providers’ treatment activities
. Other covered entities’ and providers’ payment activities
. Other covered entities’healthcare operations activities (to the extent permitted under HIPAA)
. Uses and disclosures required by law
. Uses and disclosures in domestic violence or neglect situations
. Health oversight activities
. Other public health activities

hipaa compliant dentist in California
hipaa compliant dentist in California

We mav contact vou to provide appointment reminders or information about treatment alternatives or other health related’ benefits dnd services that inay be of interest to you.
Form # PFIV3-1 (over)

Uses and Disclosures of Protected Health lnformation Requiring Your Written Authorization

Other uses and disclosures of medical information not covered by this Notice or the laws that apply to us will be made only with your written authorization. lf you give us authorization to use or disclose medical information about you, you may revoke that authorization, in writing, at any time. lf you revoke your authorization, we will thereafter no longer use or disclose medical information about you for the reasons covered by your written authorization. You understand that we are unable to take back any disclosures we have already made with your authorization, and that we are required to
retain our records of the care we have provided you.

Your individual Rights Regarding Your Medical lnformation Complaints.

lf you believe your privacy rights have been violated, you may file a complaint with the Privacy Officer at this practice or with the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. All complaints must be submitted in writing.

You will not be penalized or discriminated against for filing a complaint.

Right to Request Restrictions.

You have the right to request a restriction or limitation on the medical information weuse or disclose about you for treatment, payment or health care operations or to someone who is involved in your care or the payment for your care. We are not required to agree to your request. lf we do agree, we will comply with your request unless the information is needed to provide you with emergency treatment.

To request restrictions, you must submit your request in writing to the Privacy Officer at this practice. ln your request, you must tell us what information
you want to limit.

Right to Request Confidential Communications.

You have the right to request how we should send communications to you about medical matters, and where you would more info like those communications sent. To request confidential communications, you must make your request to the Privacy Officer at this practice. We will not ask you the reason for your request.

We will accommodate all reasonable requests. Your request must specify how or where you wish to be contacted. We reserve the right to deny a request if it imposes an unreasonable burden on the practice.

Right to lnspect and Copy.

You have the right to inspect and copy medical information that may be used to make decisions about your care. Usually this includes medical and billing records but does not include psychotherapy notes, information compiled for use in a civil, criminal, or administrative action or proceeding, and protected health information to which access is prohibited by law. To inspect and copy medical information that may be used to make decisions about you, you must submit your request in writing to the Privacy Officer at this practice. lf you request a copy of the information, we reserve the right to charge a fee for the costs of copying, mailing or other supplies associated with your request.

We may deny your request to inspect and copy in certain very limited circumstances, lf you are denied access to medical information, you may request that the denial be reviewed. Another licensed health care professional chosen by this practice will review your request and the denial.

The person conducting the review will not be the person who denied your request. We will comply with the outcome of the review.

Right to Amend. lf you feel that medical information we have about you is incorrect or incomplete, you may ask us to amend the information. You have the right to request an amendment for as long as the information is kept.

To request an amendment, your request must be made in writing and submitted to the Privacy Officer at this practice. ln addition, you must provide a reason that supports your request. We may deny your request for an amendment if it is not in writing or does not include a reason to support the request.

ln addition, we may deny your request if the information was not created by us, is not part of the medical information kept at this practice, is not part of the information which you would be permitted to inspect and copy, or which we deem to be accurate and complete. lf we deny your request for amendment, you have the right to file a statement ol disagreement with us.

We may prepare a rebuttal to your statement and will provide you with a copy of any such rebuttal. Statements of disagreement and any corresponding rebuttals will
be kept on file and sent out with any future authorized requests for information pertaining to the appropriate portion of your record.

Right to an Accounting of Non-Standard Disclosures.

You have the right to request a list of the disclosures we made of medical information about you. To request this list, you must submit your request to the Privacy Officer at this practice.

Your request must state the time period for which you want to receive a list of disclosures that is no longer than six years, and may not include dates before April 14, 2003.Your request should indicate in what form you want the list
(example:on paper or electronically).The first list you request within a 12-month period will be free. For additional lists, we reserve the right to charge you for the cost of providing the list.

Right to a Paper Copy of This Notice.

You have the right to a paper copy of this Notice at any time. Even if you have
agreed to receive this notice electronically, you are still entitled to a paper copy. To obtain a paper copy of the current

Notice, please request one in writing from the Privacy Officer at this practice.
Changes To This Notice

We reserve the right to change this Notice. We reserve the right to make the revised or changed Notice effective for medical information we already have about you as well as any information we receive in the future.

We will post a copy of the current Notice, with the effective date in the upper right corner of the first page.

HIPAA Violations
HIPAA Violation Minimum Penalty Maximum Penalty
Unknowing $100 per violation, with an annual maximum of $25,000 for repeat violations (Note: maximum that can be imposed by State Attorneys General regardless of the type of violation) $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million
Reasonable Cause $1,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $100,000 for repeat violations $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million
Willful neglect but violation is corrected within the required time period $10,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $250,000 for repeat violations $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million
Willful neglect and is not corrected within required time period $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million

Palace, Congress team up for BOLPalace, Congress team up for BOLPalace, Congress team up for BOLPalace, Congress team up for BOLPalace, Congress team up for BOLCongress in the Philippines - House of Representatives

Malacañang and Congress have asked the Supreme Court to dismiss the petition assailing the constitutionality of the Bangsamoro Organic Law.
In a 118-page comment, the Palace and both Houses of Congress, through the Office of the Solicitor general, asked the high court to dump the petition filed in October by the Sulu provincial government seeking to strike down the BOL or Republic Act 11054 and to stop its implementation.
Solicitor General Jose Calida said the BOL does not violate section 18, Article X of the 1987 Constitution, which authorized only one Organic Act to establish the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
He rejected the argument of the petitioner that the law should have had the approval of Sulu and the other provinces under the ARMM through majority voting as separate units, saying this was not required by the Constitution.
“The [separate] voting requirement provided in Section 18, Article X of the 1987 Constitution applies only to the creation of an autonomous region, not to the amendment of the law, nor to the expansion of its territorial jurisdiction,” Calida says in his comment.
He says the law signed by President Rodrigo Duterte in July last year, which created a Bangsamoro Autonomous Region, was not exactly a creation of a new autonomous region as described in the Constitution, but rather an amendment of the organic act and an expansion of the territorial jurisdiction of the ARMM.
“When Congress decides to expand the territory of the autonomous region, the requirement does not apply to the subsisting provinces, cities of geographical areas of the autonomous region, but only to those provinces, cities or geographical areas proposed by Congress to be added therein,” the Executive and Legislative department said in their comment.
“A majority of the votes in all constituent units put together is sufficient for those provinces, cities or geographical areas already part of the autonomous region.”
Calida says the expansion of the ARMM does not require an amendment of the Constitution since Congress only needs to amend or repeal the Organic Act on ARMM.
“Congress retains the plenary power to amend and repeal the Organic Act that created the ARMM. The power to amend and repeal laws is included in the general and express grant of legislative power under Section 1, Article VI of the 1987 Constitution,” Calida said.
“The creation of an autonomous region in Muslim Mindanao is through an organic law, categorized as a statute passed by Congress. As a statute, the organic law may be amended or repealed by Congress pursuant to its general legislative power.”
Calida, in invoking the powers of Congress to amend and repeal statutes, says the high court has no power to review the BOL because the issues raised by the petitioner involves political questions.
“The issues read more raised in the present petition are purely political questions that this Honorable Court is not permitted by the 1987 Constitution to examine,” Calida said.
He said the BOL complied with the requirement for the governmental setup for an autonomous region under the constitutional provision.
Calida also rejected the petitioner’s assertion that the law erased the identity of the indigenous cultural minorities in Sulu by automatically including it in the BAR without their knowledge and consent and also against their will and in violation of their rights.

Palace, Congress team up for BOLPalace, Congress team up for BOLPalace, Congress team up for BOLPalace, Congress team up for BOLPalace, Congress team up for BOLCongress in the Philippines - House of Representatives

Malacañang and Congress have asked the Supreme Court to dismiss the petition assailing the constitutionality of the Bangsamoro Organic Law.
In a 118-page comment, the Palace and both Houses of Congress, through the Office of the Solicitor general, asked the high court to dump the petition filed in October by the Sulu provincial government seeking to strike down the BOL or Republic Act 11054 and to stop its implementation.
Solicitor General Jose Calida said the BOL does not violate section 18, Article X of the 1987 Constitution, which authorized only one Organic Act to establish the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
He rejected the argument of the petitioner that the law should have had the approval of Sulu and the other provinces under the ARMM through majority voting as separate units, saying this was not required by the Constitution.
“The [separate] voting requirement provided in Section 18, Article X of the 1987 Constitution applies only to the creation of an autonomous region, not to the amendment of the law, nor to the expansion of its territorial jurisdiction,” Calida says in his comment.
He says the law signed by President Rodrigo Duterte in July last year, which created a Bangsamoro Autonomous Region, was not exactly a creation of a new autonomous region as described in the Constitution, but rather an amendment of the organic act and an expansion of the territorial jurisdiction of the ARMM.
“When Congress decides to expand the territory of the autonomous region, the requirement does not apply to the subsisting provinces, cities of geographical areas of the autonomous region, but only to those provinces, cities or geographical areas proposed by Congress to be added therein,” the Executive and Legislative department said in their comment.
“A majority of the votes in all constituent units put together is sufficient for those provinces, cities or geographical areas already part of the autonomous region.”
Calida says the expansion of the ARMM does not require an amendment of the Constitution since Congress only needs to amend or repeal the Organic Act on ARMM.
“Congress retains the plenary power to amend and repeal the Organic Act that created the ARMM. The power to amend and repeal laws is included in the general and express grant of legislative power under Section 1, Article VI of the 1987 Constitution,” Calida said.
“The creation of an autonomous region in Muslim Mindanao is through an organic law, categorized as a statute passed by Congress. As a statute, the organic law may be amended or repealed by Congress pursuant to its general legislative power.”
Calida, in invoking the powers of Congress to amend and repeal statutes, says the high court has no power to review the BOL because the issues raised by the petitioner involves political questions.
“The issues raised in the present petition are purely political questions that this Honorable Court is not more info permitted by the 1987 Constitution to examine,” Calida said.
He said the BOL complied with the requirement for the governmental setup for an autonomous region under the constitutional provision.
Calida also rejected the petitioner’s assertion that the law erased the identity of the indigenous cultural minorities in Sulu by automatically including it in the BAR without their knowledge and consent and also against their will and in violation of their rights.

HIPAA Compliant Dental Office in Newark and San Jose California





HIPAA COMPLIANCE
Notice of Privacy Practices

This Notice describes how medical information about you may be used and disclosed
and how you can get access to this information. Please review it carefully.

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)

We care about our patients’privacy and strive to protect the confidentiality of your medical information at this practice.

New federal legislation requires that we issue this official notice of our privacy practices. You have the right to the confidentiality of your medical information, and this practice is required by law to maintain the privacy of that protected health information. This practice is required to abide by the terms of the Notice of Privacy Practices currently in effect, and to provide notice of its legal duties and privacy practices with respect to protected health information. lf you have any questions about this Notice, please cantact the Privacy Officer at this practice.

Who Will Follow This Notice
Any health care professional authorized to enter information into your medical record, all employees, staff and other personnel at this practice who may need access to your information must abide by this Notice.

All subsidiaries, business associates (e.g.a billing service), sites and locations of this practice may share medical information with each other for treatment, payment purposes or health care operations described in this Notice. Except where treatment is involved, only the minimum necessary information needed to accomplish the task will be shared.

How We May Use and Disclose Medical lnformation About You

HIPAA COMPLIANCE CALIFORNIA
HIPAA COMPLIANCE CALIFORNIA

The following categories describe different ways that we may use and disclose medical information without your specific consent or authorization.

Examples are provided for each category of uses or disclosures. Not every possible use or disclosure in a category is listed.

For Treatment.

We may use medical information about you to provide you with medical treatment or services.

Example: ln treating you for a specific condition, we may need to know if you have allergies that could influence which medications we prescribe for the treatment process.

For Payment.

We may use and disclose medical information about you so that the treatment and services you receive from us may be billed and payment may be collected from you, an insurance company or a third party.

Example:We may need to send your protected health information, such as your name, address, office visit date, and codes identifying your diagnosis and treatment to your insurance company for payment.

For Health Care Operations.

We may use and disclose medical information about you for health care operations to assure that you receive quality care. Example:We may use medical inlormation to review our treatment and services and evaluate the pedormance of our staff in caring for you.

Other Uses or Disclosures That Can Be Made Without Consent or Authorization

. As required during an investigation by law enforcement agencies
. To avert a serious threat to public health or safety
. As required by military command authorities for their medical records
. To workers’ compensation or similar programs for processing of claims
. ln response to a legal proceeding
. To a coroner or medical examiner for identification of a body
. lf an inmate, to the correctional institution or law enforcement official
. As required by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
. Other healthcare providers’ treatment activities
. Other covered entities’ and providers’ payment activities
. Other covered entities’healthcare operations activities (to the extent permitted under HIPAA)
. Uses and disclosures required by law
. Uses and disclosures in domestic violence or neglect situations
. Health oversight activities
. Other public health activities

hipaa compliant dentist in California
hipaa compliant dentist in California

We mav contact vou to provide appointment reminders or information about treatment alternatives or other health related’ benefits dnd services that inay be of interest to you.
Form # PFIV3-1 (over)

Uses and Disclosures of Protected Health lnformation Requiring Your Written Authorization

Other uses and disclosures of medical information not covered by this Notice or the laws that apply to us will be made only with your written authorization. lf you give us authorization to use or disclose medical information about you, you may revoke that authorization, in writing, at any time. lf you revoke your authorization, we will thereafter no longer use or disclose medical information about you for the reasons covered by your written authorization. You understand that we are unable to take back any disclosures we have already made with your authorization, and that we are required to
retain our records of the care we have provided you.

Your individual Rights Regarding Your Medical lnformation Complaints.

lf you believe your privacy rights have been violated, you may file a complaint with the Privacy Officer at this practice or with the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. All complaints must be submitted in writing.

You will not be penalized or discriminated against for filing a complaint.

Right to Request Restrictions.

You have the right to request a restriction or limitation on the medical information weuse or disclose about you for treatment, payment or health care operations or to someone who is involved in your care or the payment for your care. We are not required to agree to your request. lf we do agree, we will comply with your request unless the information is needed to provide you with emergency treatment.

To request restrictions, you must submit your request in writing to the Privacy Officer at this practice. ln your request, you must tell us what information
you want to limit.

Right to Request Confidential Communications.

You have the right to request how we should send communications to you about medical matters, and where you would like those communications sent. To request confidential communications, you must make your request to the Privacy Officer at this practice. We will not ask you the reason for your request.

We will accommodate all reasonable requests. Your request must specify how or where you wish to be contacted. We reserve the right to deny a request if it imposes an unreasonable burden on the practice.

Right to lnspect and Copy.

You have the right to inspect and copy medical information that may be used to make decisions about your care. Usually this includes medical and billing records but does not include psychotherapy notes, information compiled for use in a civil, criminal, or administrative action or proceeding, and protected health information to which access is prohibited by law. To inspect and copy medical information that may be used to make decisions about you, you must submit your request in writing to the Privacy Officer at this practice. lf you request a copy of the information, we reserve the right to charge a fee for the costs of copying, mailing or other supplies associated with your request.

We may deny your request to inspect and copy in certain very limited circumstances, lf you are denied access to medical information, you may request that the denial be reviewed. Another licensed health care professional chosen by this practice will review your request and the denial.

The person conducting the review will not be the person who denied your request. We will comply with the outcome of the review.

Right to Amend. lf you feel that medical information we have about you is incorrect or incomplete, you may ask us to amend the information. You have the right to request an amendment for as long as the information is kept.

To request an amendment, your request must be made in writing and submitted to the Privacy Officer at this practice. ln addition, you must provide a reason that supports your request. We may deny your request for an amendment if it is not in writing or check here does not include a reason to support the request.

ln addition, we may deny your request if the information was not created by us, is not part of the medical information kept at this practice, is not part of the information which you would be permitted to inspect and copy, or which we deem to be accurate and complete. lf we deny your request for amendment, you have the right to file a statement ol disagreement with us.

We may prepare a rebuttal to your statement and will provide you with a copy of any such rebuttal. Statements of disagreement and any corresponding rebuttals will
be kept on file and sent out with any future authorized requests for information pertaining to the appropriate portion of your record.

Right to an Accounting of Non-Standard Disclosures.

You have the right to request a list of the disclosures we made of medical information about you. To request this list, you must submit your request to the Privacy Officer at this practice.

Your request must state the time period for which you want to receive a list of disclosures that is no longer than six years, and may not include dates before April 14, 2003.Your request should indicate in what form you want the list
(example:on paper or electronically).The first list you request within a 12-month period will be free. For additional lists, we reserve the right to charge you for the cost of providing the list.

Right to a Paper Copy of This Notice.

You have the right to a paper copy of this Notice at any time. Even if you have
agreed to receive this notice electronically, you are still entitled to a paper copy. To obtain a paper copy of the current

Notice, please request one in writing from the Privacy Officer at this practice.
Changes To This Notice

We reserve the right to change this Notice. We reserve the right to make the revised or changed Notice effective for medical information we already have about you as well as any information we receive in the future.

We will post a copy of the current Notice, with the effective date in the upper right corner of the first page.

HIPAA Violations
HIPAA Violation Minimum Penalty Maximum Penalty
Unknowing $100 per violation, with an annual maximum of $25,000 for repeat violations (Note: maximum that can be imposed by State Attorneys General regardless of the type of violation) $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million
Reasonable Cause $1,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $100,000 for repeat violations $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million
Willful neglect but violation is corrected within the required time period $10,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $250,000 for repeat violations $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million
Willful neglect and is not corrected within required time period $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million $50,000 per violation, with an annual maximum of $1.5 million

Duterte Breaking News



President Rodrigo Duterte is not dying, his spokesman said Friday, even as House Speaker Gloria Macapagal Arroyo is among those who think the Chief Executive can still function normally despite a “growth” found in his digestive tract.
Duterte not dying­­—Palace
Roque said he will suggest to the President to issue a medical bulletin to put to rest speculation about his health.
Asked if the President was on the brink of death, spokesman Harry Roque said: “I don’t think so. That’s why I showed a video of the President yesterday to show that he is healthy.”
“But he also said yesterday, name a 73-year-old who does not have an illness. So, if he really has an illness, he thinks it’s not out of the ordinary,” Roque added.
Arroyo, a key ally of Duterte, vouched for the President’s ability to execute his duties, citing her own experiences.
“I’m also going through treatment, right? But even I can go through a six o’clock adjournment [in Congress],” the 71-year-old Arroyo said. “So it can be done.”
Reporters sought the opinion of the former President and Pampanga lawmaker on Duterte seeking medical treatment for an admitted “bad case” of Barrett’s esophagus, which could lead to cancer.
READ: Cancer risk in Barrett’s disease
As Manila Standard reported Friday, the President revealed he is awaiting the results of fresh medical tests at the Cardinal Santos Medical Center in San Juan City—adding that “if it’s cancer, it’s cancer.”
Duterte, 73, is the oldest person ever to be elected president in the country, and speculation about his health has cropped up regularly since he took power in 2016.
Arroyo, meanwhile, had been diagnosed with degenerative bone disease, among other ailments, and wore a neck brace for a while. She was under hospital arrest for a plunder charge for nearly four years starting in 2012 at the Veterans Memorial Medical Center in Quezon City.
Roque, who said he did not know about the tests until later, said the President underwent an endoscopy to learn more about a growth in his digestive tract.
“Right now, we don’t know [if it’s serious] because he went for a diagnostic exam,” he said.
Roque said he will suggest to the President to issue a medical bulletin to put to rest speculation about his health.
“He is still entitled to privacy in this matter. I do not know. If I am still here next week then I will tell him perhaps we need to issue a medical bulletin whether or not it’s serious,” said Roque, who also admitted that he was considering resigning (See separate story—Editors).
“I assure you, as a lawyer, he knows what the Constitution says. If it’s a serious illness, he will here inform the nation,” Roque said.
In a speech late Thursday, the President said he underwent an endoscopy and colonoscopy about three weeks ago but that he was advised this week to repeat the tests—and so he went to Cardinal Santos on Wednesday, apparently without the knowledge of Presidential Spokesman Roque.
READ: Duterte: I've undergone colonoscopy
“I don’t know where I’m at now physically, I have to wait for that. But I would tell you that if it’s cancer, it’s cancer,” he said.
“And if it’s third stage, no more treatment. I will not prolong my agony in this office or anywhere,” he added.
Speculation began after Duterte missed a Wednesday Cabinet meeting and another public event.
Duterte keeps up a punishing schedule of appearances ranging from shopping mall openings to police funerals, and frequently delivers multiple, lengthy speeches per day.
The government had denied the leader was having health problems, with spokesman Harry Roque saying the president “just took his day off.”
“I assure you that I have no information that he went to a hospital,” Roque added.
However, in Duterte’s Thursday speech he said: “There was supposed to be a Cabinet meeting, that was yesterday, but... Somebody advised my doctor just to repeat and get some [medical] samples.”
Duterte has said previously that he suffers from daily migraines and ailments including Buerger’s disease, an illness that affects the veins and the arteries of the limbs, and is usually due to smoking.
He has cited his ill health as the reason for skipping events during summits abroad.
The President, known for his deadly crackdown on drugs, also revealed in 2016 that he used to take fentanyl, a powerful painkiller, because of a spinal injury from previous motorcycle accidents.
Section 12 of Article 7 of the Constitution says if the President is seriously ill, the public will be informed about the state of his health.
“The members of the Cabinet in charge of national security and foreign relations and the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, shall not be denied access to the President during such illness.” With AFP
READ: Rody in hospital ‘for 2nd opinion’
READ: Pray for Rody's health—Bishops

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